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Benefits of Kapalabhati Pranayama: Steps & precautions

The breath control exercise which is known as “Kapalabhati Pranayama” in Sanskrit, is one of the most important breath control exercises for developing your Yoga skills. In this article we will explore benefits of Kapalabhati Pranayama, how to do it and precautions etc.

These breath control exercises if done correctly can bring a sense of balance and deepness in your general well-being.There are numerous benefits of Kapalabhati Pranayama that we will discuss in this article.

The Yoga Sutras which were compiled by sage Patanjali thousands of years back are ancient texts written in the Sanskrit language, according to these texts Pranayama is one of the most important parts of the Yoga practice.

Kapalabhati Pranayama

Pranayama does the work of cleansing, balancing, and purifying your vital life energy which is known as “Prana” in the Sanskrit language. The regular practice of Pranayama can help you to achieve the best health of mind, body, and soul.

Kapalabhati mainly consists of small, powerful breathe out and passive breath in. This Pranayama is a “Kriya” and not Pranayama in a strict sense.

It helps in toning and cleaning the respiratory tract of the body by encouraging the discharge of toxins and waste material from the body.

It functions as an energizer for the system, stimulating and rejuvenating the body and mind.

Kapalabhati meaning

Kapalabhati consist of two Sanskrit words:

“kapala” means “Skull”

“Bhati” means “light”

This Pranayama is also sometimes known as “light skull breathing exercise” or “skull Brightener breathing exercise.”

As one practices this Pranayama, one can feel the inner areas of his skull being filled with the brightness of illumination.  

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Benefits of Kapalabhati Pranayama 

Kapalabhati, also referred to as the “Skull Shining Breath,” is a powerful breathing technique in yoga that offers numerous physical, mental, and spiritual benefits.

By practicing Kapalabhati regularly, practitioners can experience a profound transformation in their overall well-being.

Kapalabhati is energizing and warming. It assists to cleanse the lungs, sinuses, and respiratory tract, which in return help to prevent diseases and allergies.

When Kapalabhati is practiced regularly it also makes the diaphragm and abdominal muscles stronger.

Let’s explore the various benefits of this energizing pranayama:

1. Cleanses the Respiratory System:

Kapalabhati involves forceful exhalations and passive inhalations, which act as a natural cleanser for the respiratory system. It aids in clearing toxins, pollutants, and stale air from the lungs so that you may breathe more clearly and with a sense of freshness.

2. Enhances Lung Capacity:

Through its rhythmic and controlled breathing, Kapalabhati strengthens the respiratory muscles and increases lung capacity. This enhanced capacity improves the efficiency of oxygen exchange in the lungs, promoting better respiratory health.

3. Improves Digestion:

The vigorous exhalations in Kapalabhati help massage the abdominal organs, particularly the stomach and intestines. This breathing stimulation will promote peristalsis, helps in digestion, and get rid of digestive problems including bloating and indigestion.

4. Detoxifies the Body:

The increased oxygen intake during Kapalabhati enhances blood circulation and facilitates the removal of toxins from the bloodstream. This purification process supports the body’s natural detoxification mechanisms.

5. Boosts Energy and Vitality:

Kapalabhati is known for its invigorating effect on the nervous system. The increased oxygen supply to the brain and body energizes the mind, enhances alertness, and leaves the practitioner feeling revitalized and rejuvenated.

6. Focuses and Calms the Mind:

The rhythmic pattern of Kapalabhati requires sustained focus and concentration. Regular practice increases brain sharpness and clarity while easing stress.

7. Balances the Nervous System:

Kapalabhati has a balancing effect on the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. It causes the parasympathetic nerve system to become active, which encourages relaxation and lessens the stress-related “fight or flight” reaction.

8. Tones Abdominal Muscles:

The rapid exhalations engage the abdominal muscles, providing a gentle workout for the core. Consistent practice can lead to increased abdominal strength and toning.

9. Aids Weight Management:

Kapalabhati stimulates the metabolic rate and helps burn excess calories. It can aid in weight management objectives when combined with a balanced diet and consistent exercise.

10. Prepares for Meditation:

Kapalabhati is an excellent preparatory practice for meditation. It clears the mind, settles mental chatter, and allows the practitioner to enter a state of inner stillness and heightened awareness.


While Kapalabhati offers numerous benefits, it may not be suitable for everyone. Individuals with respiratory disorders, hypertension, heart conditions, hernia, or pregnant women should avoid practicing Kapalabhati.

It is essential to learn this pranayama from a qualified yoga instructor to ensure correct technique and avoid potential risks.

Remember, the benefits of Kapalabhati come with regular and consistent practice. Start gradually and allow your breath to guide you on this transformative journey towards improved physical and mental well-being.

Kapalabhati Pranayam Benefits In Following Diseases:

  1. Hypertension
  2. Heart blockages
  3. Cholesterol
  4. Obesity
  5. Diabetes
  6. Anemia

This breathing exercise also increases oxygen supply in the body, which stimulates and rejuvenates the brain cells. The regular practice of this pranayama lays the foundation for meditation and high focus jobs.

Kapalabhati Pranayama precautions

Kapalabhati is a powerful breathing exercise, if you are not familiar with basic pranayama like  “Ujjayi Pranayama” then you should not start practicing it on your own.

If you are planning to start Kapalabhati for the very first time then start it under the expert guidance of some qualified yoga instructor.

Always make sure that you do Kapalabhati with normal speed which is 60 exhales strokes per minute. Practicing Kapalabhati at higher speed can cause problems to some people particularly to those who are old and have some or the other illness in their body.

Kapalabhati should be avoided in following conditions:

  • Heart disease
  • Hernia
  • Pregnant women
  • High blood pressure
  • If you have recently undergone any surgery or operation particularly related to the stomach area this Pranayama should be strictly avoided for at least 6 months.
  • Always approach all breathing exercises with caution if you are having respiratory-related problems, like asthma or emphysema, in that case do Pranayama at slow speed.    
  • Never start doing any Pranayama without the help of a certified and educated instructor. Immediately discontinue the breathing exercise in case you feel weakness or dizziness.
  • Do breathing exercises within your scope, limits, and capacity. If you have any clinical concerns, talk to your physician first before starting Kapalabhati.   

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How to do Kapalabhati

To start, sit in an easy position where your spine is straight and your stomach is comfortable. A few choices of sitting include:

  1. One option of doing this Pranayama is sitting on the floor in “Easy Pose” (Sukhasana)
  2. The Second option is sitting on heels, where your knees will be bent and shins will be tucked under the thighs in the “Hero Pose” (Virasana)
  3. The Third option is sitting on the chair with your feet flat on the floor.

Lay your hands on your knees, palms facing down.

Take your attention to your lower stomach area. To increase your mindfulness, you can put your hands, one on top of the other, on your lower midsection instead of on your knees.

Breathe in through the both nostrils deeply.

Focus on letting out the breath in a short burst, as a result, your lower stomach area will contract.

As you rapidly breathe out, your attention ought to be on breathing out only, in the process your inhaling breath ought to be passive and automatic.

Kapalabhati for beginners  

Start gradually, focusing on 60 strokes per minute, which will be one breath per second. This rhythm of 60 strokes per minute is ideal for beginners and no harm will be caused to anybody.  

If you are young and not suffering from any diseases then you can also do Kapalabhati Pranayam with higher speed. Although it is always advised that you start with 60 strokes per minutes and then you can gradually grow in your practice.

Step by step you can increase the speed, focusing on 120 exhale/inhale breath cycles every minute and later on you can also increase speed to 180 strokes per minute.

Always make it a habit of going at your speed you can comfortably handle and stop in case you feel dizzy or weak.

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Time Duration for Kapalabhati Breath

After starting from one minute practice of the kapalabhati, you can day by day increase the duration from one minute to five minutes to higher.

You can also take rest in between by breathing in profoundly through the nostrils, and afterward, breathing out gently through your mouth.

As per your level of experience, you can repeat this breathing exercise for up to a maximum of 15 minutes for maximum benefits. You can also do it twice in a day, preferably empty stomach in the morning and in the evening.

In any case you should not go beyond 30 minutes of Kapalabhati practice per session.  

Tips for Kapalabhati Pranayama

Always make sure that you have had your meals at least 2 hour before starting your Pranayama. Preference should always be given to practice Kapalabhati empty stomach in the morning after clearing your bowels for maximum benefit.  

When performed correctly, Kapalabhati will purify, empower, and fortify your brain, body, and soul. This Pranayama requires an understanding of and experience with basic Pranayama.

In case you are new to pranayama, first, have time to learn “Ujjayi Pranayama” which is also known as “Ocean Breath” and Ocean Breath (Ujjayi Pranayama) before bringing Kapalabhati into your training.

Apart from the above-mentioned points always keep in mind the following points when practicing Kapalabhati:

  • Keep your attention on your lower abdomen and exhalations all through the activity.
  • Do not breathe in, when you inhale, it should be automatic.
  • Keep your spine and your shoulders straight and erect all through the Pranayama, your lower abdomen should be the only area that needs to be moved.
  • Never use force when you breathe in and breathe out.
  • If your breath becomes stressed, or when you become restless or dizzy, stop the activity and return to your normal breathing rhythm.

Conclusion for benefits of Kapalabhati pranayama:

Benefits of Kapalabhati Pranayama will come to you only with regular practice. It can bring stability and purity in your life on many different levels that include emotional, spiritual, physical, and mental levels. Make sure to take it gradually from the outset, and expand on your experience as you acquire more control.

The regular practice of Kapalabhati will remove all negativity from your life and its advantages will start showing up in all aspects of your life.

FAQs: Benefits of Kapalabhati pranayama

Q1. What is Kapalabhati?

Ans. Kapalabhati is a yogic breathing technique that involves forceful exhales and passive inhales.

It is known as the “skull shining breath” due to its rejuvenating effect on the mind.

This breathing technique falls under the category of pranayama, which focuses on controlling and manipulating the breath for therapeutic purposes.

Q2. How does Kapalabhati work?

Ans. During this breathing technique, you exhale forcefully through the nose using quick, rhythmic movements of your abdominal muscles.

The inhalations are passive, allowing the breath to naturally flow back into the lungs.

This technique helps clear the respiratory system, massage the abdominal organs, and increase oxygen intake.

Q3. What are the benefits of Kapalabhati?

Ans. IT offers several benefits, including:
Cleansing and detoxifying the respiratory system.
Enhancing mental clarity and focus.
Boosting energy levels and combating fatigue.
Strengthening the respiratory system.
Calming the mind and reducing stress.

Q4. Are there any precautions for practicing Kapalabhati?

Ans. Yes, there are a few precautions you should keep in mind when doing this Pranayama:

Avoid practicing this kriya if you are pregnant, have high blood pressure, or suffer from heart or respiratory conditions without consulting a qualified instructor.

Start with shorter practice sessions and gradually increase the duration as your body becomes accustomed to the technique.

If you experience any discomfort or dizziness during the practice, take a break and consult a yoga instructor or healthcare professional.

Q5. How do I practice Kapalabhati?

Ans. To practice this pranayama, follow these steps:
Sit on the floor/ yoga mat in a comfortable seated position, with your spine straight and shoulders relaxed.

Take a few deep breaths and prepare yourself for this pranayam.
Exhale forcefully through your nose, using quick contractions of your abdominal muscles.

Allow the inhalation to happen naturally, without any effort.
Repeat this cycle of forceful exhalations and passive inhalations for a desired duration, gradually increasing the practice over time.

Share your experience of doing Kapalabhati and let us know if you have any questions or comments regarding this Pose in the comments section below.

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